Embodiment thesis[ edit ] In philosophyembodied cognition holds that an agent's cognition is strongly influenced by aspects of an agent's body beyond the brain itself.
Modern zoos are often said to have begun with London's Regent's Park Zoo in the 's because it was founded with a scientific purpose. However, it will be seen that this step was a culmination of the Age of Reason which is conveniently dated from Likewise, an equally valid claim could be made for dating our current style of zoo design as beginning with Hagenbeck's zoo in Hamburg.
However, so much change in science and technology, and in society, after World War Two places the tremendous innovations of Hagenbeck in a different era.
The post-Second World War period is when the principals of what could be called the new architectural discipline of zoo design began to appear. A note on the pace of change and the sources of innovation in the zoo world is warranted. New zoos are not a frequent event; and, once established, not easily changed.
The history of zoo design, has tended to be one of ground breaking advances which renews interest in zoos and, hence, there is a spate of zoo building and existing ones change to follow the trend.
Though seemingly revolutionary, the new order is always a product of the society that fosters it and, until now, has always followed the architectural styles of the time.
The current trend to habitat design is still a product of its time, but has steered an independent architectural course. Existing mind-sets, financial and space constraints always present difficulties to older zoos with every new direction. Some zoos do not change, others undertake to completely make-over their displays to fit with new ideas.
By-and-large, most zoos become a mix of epochs; building new exhibits more or less at the leading edge of design while retaining or making do with renovations to existing out-dated enclosures. Pre-modern Zoos up to The zoos of ancient and even relatively recent societies are usually described disparagingly as menageries.
This is to overlook the fact that many menageries were established out of motives similar to the better zoos of today and were not always for private amusement, public spectacle or to enhance the prestige of the owner. In regard to the treatment of animals, it is obvious that whatever fate was to befall the specimens display or destruction they had to be maintained in the meantime and considerable knowledge of animal needs must have been available to enable this.
It took the establishment of settled civilised cultures, i. This knowledge was gained over tens of thousands of years of prehistoric development.
Realising that neolithic cultures possessed a great deal of knowledge about wild animals from hunting and domesticating them, it becomes reasonable to assume that just as today, there were good and bad zoos, enlightened and backward ones.
Scientific knowledge may have been virtually non-existent, but practical animal husbandry could have been quite as advanced as it is today. The purpose of these ancient zoos tended to follow the proclivities of the rulers who established them, whether it be sport or spectacle. Referring to this figure, Loisel states that: On arrival at the destination, the lions would have been placed in an enclosure in the royal palace or released in semi-liberty in vast, special parks, planted with palm trees, vines and flowers, and that the Greeks called Paradeisos.ELECTRONIC SELF-CHECKOUT SYSTEM VS CASHIER OPERATED SYSTEM: A PERFORMANCE BASED COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS by Gregory E.
Opara-Nadi . I. Thesis structure Title Page Title (including subtitle), author, institution, department, date of delivery, research mentor(s) and advisor, their instututions and email adresses.
Research proposal background of the study for thesis This describes the primary aspects of an itemized thesis in the bachelor’s and master’s levels. Even though the specific structure described here’s best for empirical theses, a lot of the recommendation can also be relevant for theoretical work.
@Arshad: The literature review is generally a part of the background of the study. So, you start the background by explaining what is already known in the subject area in which you have conducted your research and use the literature review to substantiate and elaborate on the discussion.
Theses can come in different forms; you may be writing a traditional thesis, thesis by compilation or an exegesis.
Whichever type you are doing, they all have one common feature: your thesis needs to have an argument (some disciplines use key message, narrative or exposition). The argument is your answer to your research question/s, and the structure of your thesis should support the argument.
Student Number: I declare that ASPECTS OF MONEY LAUNDERING IN SOUTH AFRICAN LAW is my own work and that all source s that I have used or quoted have been indicated a nd acknow ledged by means of complete references.