It sank dozens of American, British and other Allied ships, often in one-sided victories.
Please leave this field empty. The books and movies about this battle have been legion. They focus on the long odds facing the Americans, the luck and breathtaking courage, and the brilliance of American codebreakers that led to victory.
The Japanese were also extraordinarily courageous. Had they been luckier, and had they changed the Japanese code well before the battle as they should have, Midway could have ended in the destruction of three American carriers, with the Japanese navy intact.
The Pacific The immediate consequence of a defeat at Midway would, of course, have been in the Pacific. The Japanese plan appears to have been to follow Midway with an assault on strategic islands in the South Pacific. They would have faced light forces on the islands and no naval threat.
The flow of U. This would have meant that the U. The United States, lacking a sufficient carrier force, would not have been able to launch a Pacific offensive until mid, and that offensive would have had to be focused on the South Pacific rather than the Gilberts, Marianas and Marshalls.
The cost in time, men and materiel of bringing Japan into range of American bombers would have been substantial. Submarines would have had to launch from Pearl Harbor rather than Midway, which is 1, miles 2, kilometers longer, and much of the time would have been spent on submarine operations to interdict supplies instead of attacking Japanese warships.
Japan would have had time and materiel to increase its strength. The Japanese were unlikely to invade Hawaii, given that all operations there would take place within the range of U.
But the Japanese could have used submarines based in Midway to interdict supplies from the West Coast. If Hawaii ceased to be an effective base, then the Japanese would dominate the Western Pacific.
They already held the islands of Attu and Kiska. The Americans would have had to answer. Members of the U. Navy Memorial on June 4, in Washington.
It is at this point that the United States would have had to decide whether to risk the isolation of Hawaii or reduce the number of destroyers based in the Atlantic. The shipping of supplies to Britain was meant to support Britain and the Soviet Union, an excellent long-term strategy for pursuing American interests.
But this was a political problem. The immediate threat to the American homeland would likely trump long-term strategy. Given the stakes in the Pacific, the odds against U-boats in the Atlantic and the delay in increased production of naval vessels, the U.
It would also greatly increase land-based aircraft on the West Coast.The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 June , only six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea. The Battle of Midway was over, but the Japanese navy would never fully recover from its losses — not only the four carriers, but trained pilots and crews as well.
Modern aircraft carriers do not carry either torpedo bombers or dive bombers, which have been superseded by more capable strike aircraft.
The commander of the Japanese attack radioed that another air strike was required to soften up Midway's defenses for invasion.
What was the name of the Japanese commander at the Battle of Midway? Nagumo, Yamamoto, Kondo. Oct 29, · Watch video · In the Battle of Tarawa (November , ) during World War II (), the U.S.
began its Central Pacific Campaign against Japan by seizing the heavily fortified, Japanese-held island of. A Japanese victory at Midway would have reopened the possibility of a Japanese invasion.
But the Soviets would not have been able to send Zhukov back. Until the defeat of the German southern thrust, which would happen in early , everything had to go there.
After Midway, the Japanese would react to the Americans, and not the other way around. In the language of the Naval War College, the “operational initiative” had passed from the Japanese to the Americans.
Third, the victory at Midway aided allied strategy worldwide. That last point needs some explaining.