For instance, the people who routinely get themselves screened for being a carrier for Tay-Sachs disease are a demographic who have an extremely strong historical reason to be worried about Nazi-style dysgenics, and yet, eugenics is exactly what they are doing whenever a couple of them, on learning that they are both carriers, decide to refrain from having children together, or break off their relationship and seek other, non-carrier partners. The Nazis thought they were practising eugenics. From their point of view, they were improving the gene pool:
|Experience Design and User Illusion||The proposition is not true. Since the conclusion is false, the reasoning is bad, or the premisses are not all true.|
|Math-History Timeline||It was handwritten in crabbed penmanship so that it was very difficult to read. Nevertheless, I tried to make it out just in case it might prove to be important.|
The Hebrew word used here for "men" is "Ghever," and it is commonly associated with warfare. Exodus does not specify how or if the men were armed unless perhaps Exodus Yet it does not seem to occur to the fleeing Israelites to fight back against the pursuing Egyptians.
They behave like a small band of trapped refugees. Other Bible sources, such as the census that was taken later, indicate a much smaller number of Hebrew refugees. The sun moved backwards for Joshua and for Hezekiah. It was a sin to make up this hoax. It is a smaller sin to propagate it without verifying the facts, but certain evangelists do just that.
The idea behind the story is to make up some scientific-sounding story to explain a Biblical event. This pattern appears later in creationism literature, in supplying details of the catastrophes claimed to be part of the Flood events.
Certain sections of the Bible imply that the Joshuan conquest was a sudden sweeping through the land of Canaan. Archeology suggests that the conquest was gradual, over a period of a hundred years or so, and so do certain other Biblical texts. If those are the only problems, then the accuracy of the Bible after Genesis 11 compares favorably with other ancient literature the Iliad.
The examples cited above are trivial and are not important to Salvation. The point is, if those three are all the inaccuracies we can complain about, then the Bible after Genesis 11 is rock-solid as a historical source.
The first 11 chapters of Genesis do contain some historically verifiable facts. We know of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. We know the mountains of Ararat in Turkey. The Tower of Babel is similar to Babylonian ziggurats. The contrast is with the rest of the Bible. You can carbon-date to the time of Christ a fishing boat excavated from the bottom of the Sea of Galilee, and match certain of its design features to the Gospel account of Jesus calming a storm.
It is only against this high level of verified history that the first part of Genesis seems a little strange.
I am not bold or arrogant enough to conclude that "the Biblical statement thatHebrew fighting men crossed the Red Sea is wrong. I will only say that it sounds suspicious against other Biblical accounts, archaeology, and other historical sources.
An Egyptian account of the Exodus story that confirms the Biblical number could be found tomorrow. We can also believe that God could stop the sun for Joshua and Hezekiah without causing enormous tidal waves. The crossing of the Red Seathe stopping of the Jordan River, the destruction of Jericho - these are all miracles enacted by God Almighty.
The occurrence of an extremely unlikely event that serves human need can also be viewed as a miracle. The birth of Isaac to Abraham and Sarah in their old age was a miracle Genesis However, one had better be very sure that the probabilities have been evaluated correctly, or risk disillusionment later when a more likely mechanism is discovered.
It is certainly difficult to flip coins and have them all come up heads - unless you work on the first one, the second one, and then the third one, and so on until you have heads this process took me only nine minutes.
Natural Causes Some of the miracles recorded by the Bible seem to have a natural component. There is an east wind mentioned before the crossing of the Red Sea. The Jordan River has been temporarily blocked by a landslide several times in recorded history.
The Holy Land is subject to earthquakes. Are all miracles caused by natural causes, without God? The Bible affirms that God works through the natural world and is in charge of it. Certain miracles may have had a natural component, but this is not a requirement.
If no natural component is mentioned, then it is not proper for a Christian to invent one. It is not proper for a Christian to add to the word of God in an attempt to justify a particular interpretation.
Moses could never plan a migration hoping that the right natural disasters would show up just in time. God is in charge of nature: In I published a book that deals with the miraculous events of Exodusespecially the sea crossing.
The full title is Between Migdol and the Sea: Crossing the Red Sea with Faith and Science.Cystic acne is an uncommon and severe form of acne. The skin condition results from blocked pores in the skin that cause infection and .
Fifty Orwell Essays, by George Orwell, free ebook. Antony would like to respond to the article in El Pais yesterday: "I would just like to say that I suspect the translation of my interview was a bit rough, and the artistic statement I made was in reference to myself: "As a transgendered person, I am like a wild animal, beyond the realm of Christians and patriarchies.".
The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay. Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate. Grounds of Validity of the Laws of Logic: Further Consequences of Four Incapacities Charles S.
Peirce Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2 (), The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature by William Cronon.
Print-formatted version: PDF In William Cronon, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature, New York: W.
W. Norton & Co., , The time has come to rethink wilderness.