Normal life after Myocardial infarction Myocardial infarction or heart attackis produced by blocking one or more of the coronary arteries. Coronary arteries supply oxygenated blood to the heart. Artery blockage occurs when an atheromatous plaque within artery ruptures and forms a thrombus blood clot around it. The atheromatous plaque and thrombus will obstruct the blood flow to the myocardial cells, thus depriving them of oxygen and nutrients.
Substance abuse may lead to deteriorations in existing health complaints, or to the need for treatment for complaints that may have arisen due to substance abuse1. This abuse may be strongly associated with some conditions such as infective disease2.
This is known as cardiovascular disease, and may have considerable impacts on overall health and longevity.
This guide will discuss the potential roles substance abuse may play in the risk of cardiovascular disease, and the potentially harmful effects of dangerous ingestible or incorporable into the body by other means, such as intravenously substances on pre-existing disorders of the vascular system.
Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular disease is the dysfunction or damage to the tissues of the heart or blood vessels e. The vascular system or the network of blood vessels in the human body is also concerned with exchanging oxygenated blood with de-oxygenated blood from veins to arteries and back again.
Blood vessels may also transport waste products to the kidneys and harmful materials including metabolized and unused drug molecules to the liver, which contributes to their removal from the body.
Cardiovascular disease may reduce the extent and efficiency of these functions and interferes with the basic capabilities i. This form of disease may result in brain abnormalities and damage due to interruptions in the supply of oxygen to this organ.
It may also lead to tissue starvation, as mentioned above, which may manifest in severe adverse effects including necrosis tissue death. Some types of cardiovascular disease may also result in physical blockages within blood vessels, which may result in the effects mentioned above, or even the need for surgeries such as cardiac procedures or even amputations.
Cardiovascular disease and the subtypes or conditions of this are associated with increases in mortality the risk of death and reductions in the quality of life for the millions currently affected. These conditions are also associated with many risk factors that, for many conditions, include substance abuse.
Conditions and Complications Related to Cardiovascular Disease Myocardial Infarction Myocardial infarction MImore commonly known as heart attack, is the impairment of blood flow to some part of the heart, which may result in extensive damage to cardiac muscle and other tissues due to oxygen starvation4.
Myocardial infarctions may manifest as pain in the chest area and in stark decreases in heart function that lasts for several minutes. This may culminate as tightness and extreme discomfort in the chest, loss of consciousness or even death in severe cases.
Eventually, this results in enough cumulative cardiac damage—and symptoms noticeable enough—to become apparent as a heart attack. Arrhythmias Cardiac arrhythmias are irregularities in heartbeat, or the rate at which blood is pumped around the body by the heart.
Ventricular fibrillation or V-fibin which the other type of chamber a ventricle is dysfunctional, is rarer, but can be a more serious condition. V-fib tends to be more closely associated with myocardial infarction5.
Arrthymias may be asymptomatic, or perceived as palpitations in the chest, or manifest in other ways. Many forms of arrythmia are not life threatening, but some may precipitate events that lead to a cardiac arrest.Background Atherosclerotic disease of the aortic arch has been suspected to be a potential source of cerebral emboli.
We conducted a study to quantify the risk of ischemic stroke associated with. The ingestion of harmful substances, particularly drugs and alcohol, may be associated with deterioration in the health of the heart and/or blood vessels rutadeltambor.com is known as cardiovascular disease, and may have considerable impacts on .
A vulnerable plaque is a kind of atheromatous plaque – a collection of white blood cells (primarily macrophages) and lipids (including cholesterol) in the wall of an artery – that is particularly unstable and prone to produce sudden major problems such as a heart attack or stroke..
The defining characteristics of a vulnerable plaque include but are not limited to: a thin fibrous cap, large. Six years ago I had a 5 way bypass, all 5 were % blocked—one tiny pipe away from death! At age 64 I have been nearly vegetarian most of my life and nearly vegan for perhaps 10 years.
Myocardial infarction (MI) refers to tissue death of the heart muscle ().It is a type of acute coronary syndrome, which describes a sudden or short-term change in symptoms related to blood flow to the heart. Unlike other causes of acute coronary syndromes, such as unstable angina, a myocardial infarction occurs when there is cell death, as .
Electrophysiology (Heart Rhythm Treatments). An arrhythmia is a problem with the beating of the heart. Instead of beating in a regular rhythm, the heart receives abnormal electrical signals that cause it .