Types and causes of mental disorders Classification and epidemiology Psychiatric classification attempts to bring order to the enormous diversity of mental symptoms, syndromes, and illnesses that are encountered in clinical practice. Epidemiology is the measurement of the prevalence, or frequency of occurrence, of these psychiatric disorders in different human populations. Much of this information is gathered by the mental health practitioner e. The practitioner may administer any of several psychological tests to the patient and may supplement these with a physical and a neurological examination.
Treatment Mental health refers to our cognitive, behavioral, and emotional wellbeing - it is all about how we think, feel, and behave. The term 'mental health' is sometimes used to mean an absence of a mental disorder. Mental health can affect daily life, relationships, and even physical health.
Mental health also includes a person's ability to enjoy life - to attain a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. In this article, we will explain what is meant by the terms "mental health" and "mental illness. The article will also cover some early signs of mental health problems.
Definition According to Medilexicon's medical dictionarymental health is: Almost 1 in 5 Americans experiences mental health problems each year In the United States, inan estimated 9. That equates to 4.
A large proportion of the people who have a mental disorder have more than one. Common disorders The most common types of mental illness are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and schizophrenia disorders; below we explain each in turn: Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness.
Anxiety disorders are the most common types of mental illness. The individual has a severe fear or anxiety, which is linked to certain objects or situations. Most people with an anxiety disorder will try to avoid exposure to whatever triggers their anxiety.
Examples of anxiety disorders include: Panic disorder - the person experiences sudden paralyzing terror or a sense of imminent disaster. Phobias - these may include simple phobias a disproportionate fear of objectssocial phobias fear of being subject to the judgment of othersand agoraphobia dread of situations where getting away or breaking free may be difficult.
We really do not know how many phobias there are - there could be thousands of types. Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD - the person has obsessions and compulsions. In other words, constant stressful thoughts obsessionsand a powerful urge to perform repetitive acts, such as hand washing compulsion.
Post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD - this can occur after somebody has been through a traumatic event - something horrible or frightening that they experienced or witnessed.
During this type of event, the person thinks that their life or other people's lives are in danger. They may feel afraid or feel that they have no control over what is happening. Mood disorders These are also known as affective disorders or depressive disorders.
Patients with these conditions have significant changes in mood, generally involving either mania elation or depression. Examples of mood disorders include:As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Free Mental Health Case Study: Case 1. Li was an year-old high school student.
He had always been an average student, hardworking and honest. Free Mental Health Case Study: Case 3 Maria was a year-old who has been brought to the clinic by her husband because she had started behaving in an unusual manner a week previously.
She was sleeping much less than usual and . Get the latest health news, diet & fitness information, medical research, health care trends and health issues that affect you and your family on rutadeltambor.com Risks to mental health Page 4 Social and economic circumstances: The capacity for an individual to develop and flourish is deeply influenced by their immediate social surroundings – including their opportunity to engage positively with family members, friends or .
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is the largest scientific organization in the world dedicated to research focused on the understanding, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders and the promotion of mental health.