Theorists Karl Marx and Max Weber disagreed about the nature of class, in particular. Other sociologists applied traditional frameworks to stratification. Karl Marx Karl Marx based his conflict theory on the idea that modern society has only two classes of people: The bourgeoisie are the owners of the means of production:
Emilie Durkheim and Karl Marx and how the social theory links to vocational education Emilie Durkheim and Karl Marx and how the social theory links to vocational education Introduction The reason for use of theories is to primarily explain the prevalence of certain phenomena.
Theories are therefore used as tools for conceptualizing the world and they are systematically developed from the knowledge that exists and then tested against empirical evidence to ascertain their credibility Slavin Sociological theories can be used to explain a range of scenarios including education; from why some succeed and other fail, problems with financing education, and daily interactions in the classroom.
According to Severit is often difficult to assess and categorize the importance of sociological theories in education mainly because particular groups among them educational administrators, educational stakeholders, the government, and researchers in the various academic disciplines all conduct research for varying reasons or the theories on education are either highly diversified and scattered in nature of are simply absent from the research.
Some of these sociological theories are by Emilie Durkheim and Karl Marx. This paper therefore discusses the link between the theories by Durkheim and Marx and vocational education.
This will be done through review of relevant materials. In examining their usefulness, Durkheim argues that social facts are more useful to the society than the individual and they have to find an appropriate way in which to serve the needs of social organism. Based on this argument, it them turns out that the primary role of education in general is to provide necessary social glue so as to maintain solidarity, supply the society with the required technical knowledge and skills in line with the needs of the workplace as well as the changing technological space, and to reorient and humanize humankind by provision of cognitive and normative frameworks that they might lack Weis Durkheim sociological theories are considered to be within structural functionalist analysis.
As one of the first writers to develop an explicit framework for sociology, he made the examination of educational systems core to his societal analysis Goldstein ; Durkheim, In his study on sociology, Durkheim was guided by an important problem that lies at the heart of structural functionalism i.
This concern remains still significant to date and it arose from the need to explain the phenomena that, even though there is an increase in individualisms, self-interests, and individual rights, there was still a basis for cohesion that kept these societies from disintegrating.
According to Durkheim, education is an important integrative and regulatory mechanism that binds persons together and helps to develop their consciousness to their responsibilities and relationships within the wider society.
According to Durkheim, society, just like individuals have a unique characteristic that has a major role in setting them apart from others Goldstein ; Durkheim Education therefore has a role in providing each person with the knowledge and capabilities that are necessary for meaningful participation in particular societal contexts.
Durkheim argues that, the role of sociological theories in relation to education and other social facts is to lay bear and specifically, the normal features for any society with the aim of ensuring closer integration between the society and every individual and each and every person within the society Durkheim However, his themes on education and its role in ensuring and promoting social solidarity have only gained prominence in the recent past as a result of the concern to cement social solidarity and education as the most viable tool towards this objective.
Parsons represents the functionalist view of social institutions like the education system plays a major role in the maintenance of social order. Based on the views by Parsons, educational institutions play a more crucial and complex role than simply passing information, values, and knowledge.
For instance, the information, values, and knowledge passed has to be internalized by the individuals to become part of their personalities Peters As a result, the properly schooled is that who can intuitively be productive based on the expectations, behaviors, and rules that are expected and render shape to social life.
Karl Marx Marx has influenced sociology in a great way, through his thought that, people should try to change the society. Marx believed that the driver for human history is class conflict, between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Marx argues that this continuous and bitter struggle can only end when those in the working class unite through revolution to cut loose the chains of bondage placed on them by the capitalists.
The result of this would be a classless society where all people are working based on their capabilities and received in accordance with their needs Marx a; Marx b.
Even though the ideas of Marx have been applied to create communism, there is a difference between Marxism and communism. Marx has written extensively on philosophy, economics, and political science. Marx theory holds that, the ruling class has the power to control the working class, but not through the use of force, but ideas.
These ideas are meant to justify the dominant position of the ruling class and conceal the true source of their power as well as their exploitation of the working class.
According to Marx, the idea of capitalist is exploitation of the working class by the ruling class, and this ruling class ideology is more effective in controlling the subject classes than the application of force, and it is hidden from the consciousness of the working class Peters ; Sever Linkage to vocational education Durkheim sociological theory is a functionalist approach and has been described through an application of the famous analogy between human body and the society.
This analogy supposes that the society just like the human body is made up of various organs that have a particular role and for the complete functioning and sustenance of life in the body; each organ should play its role duly.
In case of any malfunction on a single organ, the entire body is affected and its harmonious functioning affected.Marx's theories formed a sociological perspective called conflict theory, which stated that capitalist societies were built on conflicts between .
The theoretical works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber still influence sociological theory. Though their works are decades old they still are a major part of what sociology is today.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec In this short essay I will be introducing the various approaches to social change as described by Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. This will comprise of a brief introduction of their lives and familiarize you with a .
Karl Marx's theory of social change relates to the class struggle that defined the 19th century, namely that of the ruling classes (the bourgeoisie) suppressing the working classes (the proletariat), and as a result Marx's theory of social change stated that economic needs should be pursued purely.
Identified as the “father of sociology,” Auguste Comte subscribed to social evolution. He saw human societies as progressing into using scientific methods. Likewise, Emile Durkheim, one of the founders of functionalism, saw societies as moving from simple to complex social structures.
According to the theories of Karl Marx, capitalism, feudalism, and communism are all examples of _____. modes of production Rupert Murdoch, owner of one of the world's largest media conglomerates, is best characterized as __________.