Causes and Consequences of Violence Against Women Causes A vital part of understanding a social problem, and a precursor to preventing it, is an understanding of what causes it. Research on the causes of violence against women has consisted of two lines of inquiry: Research has sought causal factors at various levels of analysis, including individual, dyadic, institutional, and social. Studies of offending and victimization remain conceptually distinct except in sociocultural analysis in which joint consideration is often given to two complementary processes:
While Irish national culture is relatively homogeneous when compared to multinational and multicultural states elsewhere, Irish people recognize both some minor and some significant cultural distinctions that are internal to the country and to the island.
Northern Ireland occupies the remaining sixth of the island. Almost eighty years of separation have resulted in diverging patterns of national cultural development between these two neighbors, as seen in language and dialect, religion, government and politics, sport, music, and business culture.
Nevertheless, the largest minority population in Northern Ireland approximately 42 percent of the total population of 1. The majority population in Northern Ireland, who consider themselves to be nationally British, and who identify with the political communities of Unionism and Loyalism, do not seek unification with Ireland, but rather wish to maintain their traditional ties to Britain.
Within the Republic, cultural distinctions are recognized between urban and rural areas especially between the capital city Dublin and the rest of the countryand between regional cultures, which are most often discussed in terms of the West, the South, the Midlands, and the North, and which correspond roughly to the traditional Irish provinces of Connacht, Munster, Leinster, and Ulster, respectively.
While the overwhelming majority of Irish people consider themselves to be ethnically Irish, some Irish nationals see themselves as Irish of British descent, a group sometimes referred to as the "Anglo-Irish" or "West Britons. There are also small religious minorities such as Irish Jewsand ethnic minorities such as Chinese, Indians, and Pakistaniswho have retained many aspects of cultural identification with their original national cultures.
The island is miles kilometers long, north to south, and miles kilometers at its widest point. The area of the island is 32, square miles 84, square kilometersof which the Republic covers 27, square miles 70, square kilometers.
The Republic has miles kilometers of land border, all with the United Kingdom, and miles 1, kilometers of coastline.
The climate is temperate maritime, modified by the North Atlantic Current. Ireland has mild Ireland winters and cool summers. Because of the high precipitation, the climate is consistently humid.
The Republic is marked by a low-lying fertile central plain surrounded by hills and uncultivated small mountains around the outer rim of the island.
Its high point is 3, feet 1, meters. The largest river is the Shannon, which rises in the northern hills and flows south and west into the Atlantic. As a result, Dublin has long been noted as the center of the oldest Anglophone and British-oriented area of Ireland; the region around the city has been known as the "English Pale" since medieval times.
The population of the Republic of Ireland was 3, inan increase ofsince the census. The Irish population has increased slowly since the drop in population that occurred in the s.
This rise in population is expected to continue as the birthrate has steadily increased while the death rate has steadily decreased.
Life expectancy for males and females born in was The national population in was relatively young: Although Ireland is known worldwide for its rural scenery and lifestyle, in 1, of its people lived in its 21 most populated cities and towns, and 59 percent of the population lived in urban areas of one thousand people or more.
The population density in was per square mile 52 per square kilometer. Irish Gaelic and English are the two official languages of Ireland.
Irish evolved from the language brought to the island in the Celtic migrations between the sixth and the second century B. Despite hundreds of years of Norse and Anglo-Norman migration, by the sixteenth century Irish was the vernacular for almost all of the population of Ireland.
The subsequent Tudor and Stuart conquests and plantations —the Cromwellian settlementthe Williamite war —and the enactment of the Penal Laws began the long process of the subversion of the language.
Nevertheless, in there were four million Irish speakers in Ireland, a number that was severely reduced in the Great Famine of the late s. By there were onlyIrish speakers, but the key role that the Irish language played in the development of Irish nationalism in the nineteenth century, as well as its symbolic importance in the new Irish state of the twentieth century, have not been enough to reverse the process of vernacular language shift from Irish to English.
In the census, in those few areas where Irish remains the vernacular, and which are officially defined as the Gaeltachtthere were only 56, Irish-speakers.
Most primary and secondary school students in Ireland study Irish, however, and it remains an important means of communication in governmental, educational, literary, sports, and cultural circles beyond the Gaeltacht. In the census, almost 1.The consequences of violence against women are far broader than the impact on the women victims.
Their families and friends may be affected. In the case of intimate partner violence, there is increasing evidence of the negative impact on children of exposure to violence in the family. Agricultural Education.
AGRI Interdisciplinary Agricultural Science and Technology. This course is designed to develop competencies of agricultural science teachers to teach essential elements in agricultural business, agricultural mechanization, animal science, and horticulture and crop science.
Get the latest health news, diet & fitness information, medical research, health care trends and health issues that affect you and your family on rutadeltambor.com Domestic abuse is something that has been happening for years in the life of women.
But now this is something that is not just happening to women. It is happening to elders, men, same sex relationships and in teen relationships.
While domestic violence, drug abuse, and support services are commonly associated with poorer families in Australia, such abuses transcend socio-economic boundaries and can also occur among the . Domestic violence occurs across the world, in various cultures, and affects people of all economic statuses; however, indicators of lower socioeconomic status (such as unemployment and low income) have been shown to be risk factors for higher levels of domestic violence in several studies.