Corporate Social Responsibility CSR is a concept whereby organizations consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of their operations. This obligation is seen to extend beyond the statutory obligation to comply with legislation and sees organizations voluntarily taking further steps to improve the quality of life for employees and their families as well as for the local community and society at large. The debate about CSR has been said to have begun in the early 20th century, amid growing concerns about large corporations and their power.
Occasionally, a student will list the proverbial advice to write to your congressperson but when asked how many have actually done that, only one or two respond, indicating it was not part of their education.
While "participatory democracy" is lauded in educational contexts, it is not what students are learning. Why should citizenship be viewed in a global context? As the millennium nears, people all over the world are struggling with problems of a magnitude no other generation has faced.
Even in the most affluent nations, millions of people suffer from hunger, homelessness, and unattended health problems. Wars, civil conflicts and invasions take the lives of millions more. Global changes in the climate are creating severe local weather conditions, destroying lives and property.
Human projects continue to despoil the land, water and air. For example, millions of tons of hazardous waste generated by industrial countries are exported to non-industrialized areas of the world Sachs,p.
Over three billion pounds of pesticides a year are used globally causing "human poisonings, harm to fish and wildlife, livestock losses, groundwater contamination, destruction of natural vegetation, and more pests resistant to pesticides" Jacobson et al,p.
Deforestation, soil erosion, destruction of habitat, extinction of species, depletion of aquifers are but a few of the many attacks on our planet. While natural resources are stripped from the earth, new "species" are genetically engineered by corporations for profitability and monopolized through complex international patent laws with few constraints for releasing them into the environment.
Ancient knowledge of plants and animals, and even human genetic material, are stolen from indigenous peoples and used to generate wealth for a few while the cultures which generated the knowledge are decimated Shiva, As these examples demonstrate, human rights and environmental issues are clearly intertwined.
Countries with hungry people export grains or feed them to livestock for export. Millions of jobs are eliminated by technology or runaway factories as CEO salaries skyrocket. While the United Nations ratified a Convention on the Rights of the Child inmore than million children are forced into labor Sanders, Enormous resources are wasted on the production of guns and weapons of destruction as social programs and education funds are drastically reduced.
Projects to solve one problem have created other problems. Dams, viewed for decades as creating "clean" energy and providing irrigation, are responsible for destroying the means of subsistence for millions of people who are forced to relocate their homes.
Altering the natural flow of rivers, these dams flood millions of hectares of arable land, create conditions for water born diseases and prevent fish from spawning.
Aquaculture, heralded as the answer to declining fish and shrimp populations, is despoiling the habitat of other species. McMichaels states the problem succinctly: More recently, the human portfolio of burgeoning population size, overworked land, energy-intensive technology and waste-generating consumerism has resulted in accelerated and massive changes to the environment.
There is ample documentation that, in the short time human beings have been on earth, we have had an extremely deleterious impact on the planet, on other species and on each other.
A small group of global elites and corporations continue to benefit from systems of extracting natural resources and concentrating wealth which were established during colonial and neocolonial periods.
Indeed, they are currently in the process of restructuring the world from nation-states into a global economic system to facilitate faster, more efficient resource extraction and cheaper labor for even greater profits at the expense of the environment and human lives.
Because of fast track ratification, few people realize that international trade agreements like NAFTA and GATT have undermined the capability of national governments to develop and implement their own policies.
Yet, every social institution is being transformed to best serve the interests of the global corporate agenda, including education. The primacy of profit maximization over all other values is the core of both social and environmental problems.
Nations and nature are being restructured to meet this primary goal, not to meet the needs of ordinary people or to ensure a sustainable environment. The problems created are global, with consequences for many different countries and communities.
For example, when U. At the same time, they take advantage of less stringent environmental policies in other countries that allow them to pollute more freely or to use chemicals banned in the United States.
Sometimes, these chemicals return to consumers in the U. Global problems necessitate going beyond national borders to embracing the concept of global citizenship.
By learning how global issues affect individual and community lives, how and why decisions are made which affect the planet and life on it and, most importantly, means by which the future can be influenced, education can prepare students to become socially responsible global citizens.
Issues of global justice, environment, survival, human rights and citizenship are, for the most part, not major components of the curriculum in PK schools and are still given short shrift in higher education institutions.Harvard Business Review on Corporate Responsibility (Harvard Business Review Paperback Series) [Harvard Business School Press, C.
K. Prahalad, Michael E. Porter] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What and whom is a business for? This collection of articles gathers the latest thinking on the strategic significance of corporate social responsibility. Essay Example.
Competitive Advantage through Corporate Social Responsibility pages (Not including cover sheet, abstract and reference page – a minimum of 6 references will be used) APA Format; 12 pitch Outline I.
Intro Title Page Abstract Intro/Topic Paragraph II. The following essay was submitted to the Wharton MBA program by our client. The client was accepted to the program. Upon graduation I wish to lead the fiber-optics product management team in one of the world’s largest optical communication companies (such as Alcatel-Lucent and AT&T), supervising a group of Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility Words | 4 Pages.
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