Friedrich Nietzsche What makes my Thinker think is that he thinks not only with his brain, with his knitted brow, his distended nostrils and compressed lips, but with every muscle of his arms, back, and legs, with his clenched fist and gripping toes. Auguste Rodin Beginning in the later s Cody Choi impetuously fabricated his own visceral legend. Now, near the end of the second decade of the 21st century, he stares himself down as it creates him back.
Academic Journals in Nietzsche Studies 1. Taking this approach, however, risks confusing aspects of the Nietzsche legend with what is important in his philosophical work, and many commentators are rightly skeptical of readings derived primarily from biographical anecdotes.
When young Friedrich was not quite five, his father died of a brain hemorrhage, leaving Franziska, Friedrich, a three-year old daughter, Elisabeth, and an infant son.
Young Friedrich also enjoyed the camaraderie of a few male playmates. Upon the loss of Karl Ludwig, the family took up residence in the relatively urban setting of Naumburg, Saxony. Outside school, Nietzsche founded a literary and creative society with classmates including Paul Deussen who was later to become a prominent scholar of Sanskrit and Indic Studies.
In Nietzsche entered the University of Bonn, spending the better part of that first year unproductively, joining a fraternity and socializing with old and new acquaintances, most of whom would fall out of his life once he regained his intellectual focus. Instead, he choose the more humanistic study of classical languages and a career in Philology.
In he followed his major professor, Friedrich Ritschl, from Bonn to the University of Leipzig and dedicated himself to the studious life, establishing an extracurricular society there devoted to the study of ancient texts.
The year was and Friedrich Nietzsche was 24 years old. At this point in his life, however, Nietzsche was a far cry from the original thinker he would later become, since neither he nor his work had matured.
Swayed by public opinion and youthful exuberance, he briefly interrupted teaching in to join the Prussian military, serving as a medical orderly at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. His service was cut short, however, by severe bouts of dysentery and diphtheria.
Back in Basel, his teaching responsibilities at the University and a nearby Gymnasium consumed much of his intellectual and physical energy. He became acquainted with the prominent cultural historian, Jacob Burkhardt, a well-established member of the university faculty.
But, the person exerting the most influence on Nietzsche at this point was the artist, Richard Wagner, whom Nietzsche had met while studying in Leipzig.
It is commonplace to say that at one time Nietzsche looked to Wagner with the admiration of a dutiful son. This interpretation of their relationship is supported by the fact that Wagner would have been the same age as Karl Ludwig, had the elder Nietzsche been alive.
Such pressures continued to bridle Nietzsche throughout the so-called early period. If Nietzsche intended to use this text as a way of alienating himself from the Wagnerian circle, he surely succeeded. Upon its arrival in Bayreuth, the text ended this personal relationship with Wagner.
It would be an exaggeration to say that Nietzsche was not developing intellectually during the period, prior to In addition, Nietzsche was taken by the persona of the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, which Nietzsche claimed to have culled from close readings of the two-volume magnum opus, The World as Will and Representation.
Nietzsche discovered Schopenhauer while studying in Leipzig. For Nietzsche, the most important aspect of this philosophy was the figure from which it emanated, representing for him the heroic ideal of a man in the life of thought: Even before the publication of Birth of Tragedy, he had attempted to re-position himself at Basel in the department of philosophy, but the University apparently never took such an endeavor seriously.
Byhis circumstances at Basel deteriorated to the point that neither the University nor Nietzsche was very much interested in seeing him continue as a professor there, so both agreed that he should retire with a modest pension [CE2]. His physical woes, however, would continue to plague him for the remainder of his life.
After leaving Basel, Nietzsche enjoyed a period of great productivity. And, during this time, he was never to stay in one place for long, moving with the seasons, in search of relief for his ailments, solitude for his work, and reasonable living conditions, given his very modest budget.
Moritz, and winters in Genoa, Nice, or Rappollo on the Mediterranean coast. Occasionally, he would visit family and friends in Naumburg or Basel, and he spent a great deal of time in social discourse, exchanging letters with friends and associates.
She quickly began shaping his image and the reception of his work, which by this time had already gained momentum among academics such as Georg Brandes.
Soon the Nietzsche legend would grow in spectacular fashion among popular readers. Unfortunately, Friedrich experienced little of his fame, having never recovered from the breakdown of late and early His final years were spent at Villa Silberblick in grim mental and physical deterioration, ending mercifully August 25, The following division is typical: During this time Nietzsche was admitted into the prestigious Gymnasium Schulpforta; he composed music, wrote poetry and plays, and in produced an autobiography at the age of He also produced more serious and accomplished works on themes related to philology, literature, and philosophy.
He was influenced intellectually by the philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer and emotionally by the artist Richard Wagner. This text also included a Wagnerian precept for cultural flourishing: It is a work of acerbic cultural criticism, encomia to Schopenhauer and Wagner, and an unexpectedly idiosyncratic analysis of the newly developing historical consciousness.
A fifth meditation on the discipline of philology is prepared but left unpublished. Plagued by poor health, Nietzsche is released from teaching duties in February his affiliation with the university officially ends in and he is granted a small pension.Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October – 28 December ) was a British historian and Whig politician.
He wrote extensively as an essayist, on contemporary and historical sociopolitical subjects, and as a reviewer. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Well, I do like this concpet of 'story-based strategy' - I think it is important to how I do my own activism and how I try to work with orgs to move forward.
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Summary This paper focuses on the scope and characteristics of recent conceptual and installation art, looking first at the early development of this genre, and then examining four major aspects: the exploration of visual language and appropriation of images; art based on autobiography; work which deals with social and environmental issues; and finally art [ ].