During the Constitutional Convention, instead of revising the Articles of Confederation as originally planned, those attending the meeting felt that a whole new document needed to be written.
This first draft was prepared by a man named John Dickinson in The Articles were then ratified in The cause for the changes to be made was due to state jealousies and widespread distrust of the central authority. This jealousy then led to the emasculation of the document.
As adopted, the articles provided only for a "firm league of friendship" in which each of the 13 states expressly held "its sovereignty, freedom, and independence. The articles established a national legislature called the Congress, consisting of two to seven delegates from each state; each state had one vote, according to its size or population.
No executive or judicial branches were provided for. Congress was charged with responsibility for conducting foreign relations, declaring war or peace, maintaining an army and navy, settling boundary disputes, establishing and maintaining a postal service, and various lesser functions.
Some of these responsibilities were shared with the states, and in one way or another Congress was dependent upon the cooperation of the states for carrying out any of them. Four visible weaknesses of the articles, apart from those of organization, made it impossible for Congress to execute its constitutional duties.
The first weakness was that Congress could legislate only for states, not for individuals; because of this it could not enforce legislation. Second, Congress had no power to tax.
Instead, it was to assess its expenses and divide those among the states on the basis of the value of land. States were then to tax their own citizens to raise the money for these expenses and turn the proceeds over to Congress.
They could not be forced to do so, and in practice they rarely met their obligations. Third, Congress lacked the power to control commerce--without its power to conduct foreign relations was not necessary, since most treaties except those of peace were concerned mainly with trade.
The fourth weakness ensured the demise of the Confederation by making it too difficult to correct the first three. Amendments could have corrected any of the weaknesses, but amendments required approval by all 13 state legislatures. None of the several amendments that were proposed met that requirement.Apr 11, · The Articles of Confederation lacked the balance of powers embedded in the future Constitution, and for which the Constitution is renowned.
ithout an executive branch in the federal government, and without a federal judiciary, the new nation seemed precariously weak under the Articles. Articles of confederation essay to write in help me make a thesis statement essays on online dating ysu thesis guidelines.
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Why the Articles Of Confederation Failed ;. Essay: Articles of Confederation As the first written constitution of the United States, the Articles of Confederation created a legislature where each state was represented equally.
Jun 22, · The Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an effective government from to They were a model of what a loose Confederation should be. The Articles succeeded in maintaining the union of the thirteen states as well as clearly outlining the general powers of the centralized government.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec The Articles of Confederation can be referred to as the first ‘constitution’ of the United States and set out how the Federal government was to run, including implementation of United States of America, as a certified name for the new nation.