This section does not cite any sources.
We will review them briefly, to provide not only a classification of general value, but also an appreciation of the nature of the problem and the challenges that face us. Overt Disasters Overt disasters are environmental releases which leave no ambiguity about their sources and their potential harm.
Examples are Seveso, Bhopal and Chernobyl. Seveso plays the role of prototype for chemical industrial disasters Homberger et al. The accident took place on 10 July in the Seveso area, close to Milan, Italy, in a plant where trichlorophenol was produced, and it caused the contamination of several square kilometres of populated countryside by the powerfully toxic 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin TCDD.
More than people were evacuated, and restrictions were applied to another 30, inhabitants. The most clearly established health effect was chloracne, but the picture of health consequences possibly linked to this incident has not yet been completed Bruzzi ; Pesatori Bhopal represents, probably, the worst chemical industrial disaster ever Das a, b; Friedrich Naumann Foundation ; Tachakra On the night of 2 Decembera gas leak caused a deadly cloud to spread over the city of Bhopal, in central India, leaving thousands dead and hundreds of thousands injured in the space of a few hours.
The accident occurred because of a runaway reaction in one of the tanks in which methyl isocyanate MIC was stored.
The concrete storage tank, containing some 42 tons of this compound, which was used to manufacture pesticides, burst open and vented MIC and other breakdown chemicals into the air.
Slow-Onset Disasters Slow-onset disasters may become apparent only because human targets happen to be on the release path, or because, as time passes, some environmental evidence of a threat from noxious materials crops up. In unusual neurological disorders began to strike people living in fishing villages along Minamata Bay, Japan.
After numerous investigations, poisoned fish emerged as the probable culprit, and in the disease was produced experimentally by feeding cats with fish caught in the bay.
The following year, the suggestion was put forward that the clinical picture of kibyo, which included polyneuritis, cerebellar ataxia and cortical blindness, was similar to that due to poisoning by alkyl mercury compounds.
A source of organic mercury had to be sought, and it was eventually found in a factory discharging its effluent into Minamata Bay. The area had been used as a chemical and municipal disposal site over a period of about 30 years, until Homes were later built next to the landfill.
In the late s, there were complaints of chemical odours in home basements, and chemical leaching in areas surrounding the site began to be reported with increasing frequency over time.
In the s, residents began to fear that a serious threat to their health could arise, and this shared perception prompted environmental and health investigations to be carried out. None of the published studies could conclusively support a causal link between exposure to chemicals at the disposal site and adverse health effects among the residents.
Yet, there is no doubt that serious social and psychological consequences have resulted among the population in the area, particularly those who were evacuated Holden Mass Food Poisonings Outbreaks of food poisoning can be caused by toxic chemicals released into the environment through the use of chemicals in the handling and processing of food.
In Mayan outbreak of a previously unknown syndrome began to appear in the working-class suburbs of Madrid.IntroductionThroughout the ages, humans have relied on Nature for their basic needs for the production of food-stuffs, shelters, clothing, means of transportation, fertilizers, flavours and fragrances, and, not the least, medicines.
Key among the findings of the independent forensic investigations is the conclusion that the DNC data was copied onto a storage device at a speed that far exceeds an Internet capability for a.
Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE).. Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good .
The Ecological Footprint shows how great is human demand for and the ecosystems' supply of natural resources and services such as food, wood, cotton for clothing, space for cities and roads, and carbon dioxide sequestration.
Sentiment analysis is the computational study of people's opinions, sentiments, emotions, and attitudes.
This fascinating problem is increasingly important in business and society. Hartmut Hopp was a doctor in the notorious ‘Colonia Dignidad’ sect that abused members and was used as a place to torture and ‘disappear’ regime critics during the Pinochet dictatorship.
|Sustainability, Resource Depletion||The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false.|
|Frequently bought together||The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false. The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision.|
|Intel Vets Challenge ‘Russia Hack’ Evidence – Consortiumnews||View previous table 7.|
|Introduction||Flexible Zoning Techniques Floating Zones Basics — A floating zone is a zoning district that delineates conditions which must be met before that zoning district can be approved for an existing piece of land. Rather than being placed on the zoning map as traditional zones are, however, the floating zone is simply written as an amendment in the zoning ordinance.|
|IN ADDITION TO READING ONLINE, THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE IN THESE FORMATS:||Office of Director of National Intelligence Key among the findings of the independent forensic investigations is the conclusion that the DNC data was copied onto a storage device at a speed that far exceeds an Internet capability for a remote hack.|